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Foot Health Blog

Find expert articles from physical therapists and podiatrists to help understand, diagnose, and treat different foot health issues such as plantar fasciitis, bunions, flat feet, and more.


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Tailor’s Bunion: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Foot painTailor’s Bunion: Causes, Symptoms, and TreatmentA tailor's bunion, also called a bunionette, is a growth on the outside of the foot at the base of the last 5th metatarsal bone (pinky toe). A tailor's bunion looks like a swollen, hard bump on the outer portion of the little toe. Symptoms of Tailor’s Bunion A tailor's bunion feels like a painful, red area with swelling at the site of the enlargement.The presence of callous or corn (smaller type of callous) on or near the bunion due to the effect of friction on the skin.Possibility of infection due to the presence of broken skin around the bony lump. Causes of Tailor’s Bunion There are several causes for the formation of a bunion on the side of the pinky toe: Tight shoes that constrict the feet.Weight gain.Structural problems with the feet.Wearing high heels that put strain on the feet.Poor foot function.Large head of the 5th metatarsal bone.Abnormally shaped little toes.Loose ligaments.Supinated foot. Can You Correct Tailor’s Bunion Without Surgery? There are several ways to get rid of bunions on the pinky toe without surgery. The best way to slow the progression of a tailor's bunion and help it shrink naturally is by following a conservative treatment during the early stages. A few steps you can follow at home are: Maintaining a healthy body weight.Wearing proper-fitting shoes that are wider near the toes.Using shoe inserts to help position the foot correctly.Using ice packs, warm socks, and massage.Using custom-made orthotics for bunions.Using bunionette pads and cushions.Wearing bunion splints (also known as bunionette toe spacers) at night may help alleviate pain. Exercises for Tailor's Bunion Exercises for bunionette pain are effective as a preventive and curative measure. They help in keeping the feet healthy and hopefully free from surgery by improving blood circulation, movement, and flexibility of the muscles and joints of the foot and toes. All the below exercises can be carried out as a home treatment for bunionettes: Toe spread outsToes circlesMarble pickupHeel raisesAnkle toe pumpsBarefoot beach walkingSelf-massageTowel grip and pull exerciseIce massage with a frozen bottleToe squeezes How Do You Keep Your Bunionettes From Getting Worse? The best way to keep your tailor's bunion from getting worse is by wearing proper shoes with a wide toe box. Additionally, exercising the feet and your toes three times every day will play a key role in preventing the bunionettes from worsening and avoiding the need for surgery. Following your healthcare practitioner's advice, the do’s and don’ts, maintaining a healthy weight, and wearing a custom orthotic inside a well-fitted shoe will assure that your bunionettes don't get worse. » Interested in custom orthotics? Browse our online store and get yourself a pair. Is Tailor’s Bunion Surgery Worth It? Sometimes, in the case of a chronic tailor's bunion that is causing excessive pain, surgery is the only option. Though you are still able to receive surgery in less severe cases, you'll have to weigh up the pros and cons to decide if it's going to be worth it. Bunionette surgery itself is not painful since the patient is under the effect of general anaesthetic. However, it may take about 4-6 months to recover from tailor's bunion surgery. Depending upon the nature of your job (whether sedentary or physical), the surgeon will make recommendations as to when you are allowed back on your feet. Generally speaking, walking can be started 0-6 weeks post-op in a hospital shoe with full weight-bearing on your legs. Post six weeks you may be able to fully bear weight on your affected foot and walk in your regular shoes. Additionally, another factor to weigh up when deciding if surgery is worth it is cost. Not everyone has insurance that will cover this type of procedure, and so the best way to find out is by getting in contact with your insurance company and hospital. When Does a Tailor’s Bunion Need Surgery? Needing surgery for tailors bunion is multifactorial. If there is the presence of symptoms such as severe foot pain, swelling, and redness with no reduction in them after implementing conservative treatment options, then you may need surgical excision of the bunion. Consult a podiatrist or GP if you are unsure of the severity of your situation.
Is Plantar Fibroma Surgery Even Worth It?
Foot painIs Plantar Fibroma Surgery Even Worth It?Plantar fibromas are not common. When they occur, they cause pain and discomfort in the foot arch, warranting treatment. Treating plantar fibroma is relatively easy. With non-conservative methods, you can easily enjoy pain relief. However, if the goal is to remove the lump, surgery may be necessary to remove the mass. What Does Plantar Fibroma Surgery Entail? Plantar fibroma surgery is the surgical removal of the fibrous mass in the foot arch. Generally, surgery is necessary when the fibrous nodule continues to grow, causes discomfort, or if all other treatment alternatives do not yield the desired result. There are different methods for surgically removing plantar fibromas. The surgical approach depends on the severity of symptoms, the location of the mass, and the number of nodules. These are: Excision: There are two types. First, the local excision that involves the removal of the plantar fibroma alone, and second, the wide excision that removes the plantar fibroma and the area 2-3 millimeters around it.Fasciectomy: With fasciectomy, the entire plantar fascia ligament is removed. It could be either plantar fasciectomy or percutaneous fasciectomy. The difference is that percutaneous fasciectomy uses ultrasound to guide the removal of plantar fibroma. What Is the Success Rate of Plantar Fibroma Surgery? The success of plantar fibroma surgery depends on the type of surgery performed. Total plantar fasciectomy has the highest success rate with a 25% risk of recurrence. On the other hand, local excision of the primary lesion had a 100% risk of recurrence. The risk of recurrence is also higher with the presence of multiple nodules. Plantar fibroma surgery also poses several other risks, including the risk of infection, swelling, and numbness on the bottom of the foot. There may also be scarring, where walking commences before the incision heals completely. Other complications include having chronic neuritis and a surgical wound that remains painful despite healing. Is Plantar Fibroma Surgery Even Necessary? It is worthwhile to note that fibroma surgery is not necessary most times. Surgery only becomes essential when the fibrous mass causes pain that is not amenable to other treatments. Surgery may also be important if the nodules multiply and continue to grow in size, making walking uncomfortable. Otherwise, there are alternative treatment methods you can consider. Alternative Treatments for Plantar Fibroma In place of surgery, there are several home remedies and conservative treatments for plantar fibroma. They include the use of NSAIDs, ice, elevation, massage, physical therapy, cortisone shots, orthotics, and the use of topical gels. Use of NSAIDs Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a constant treatment for most kinds of foot pain. Ensure you use NSAIDs with a doctor’s prescription as overuse can come with side effects. Ice When plantar fibroma causes significant pain, ice can help reduce the pain and swelling. Ice packs can be applied directly to the foot arc for 15 mins per rep and repeated throughout the day. Cortisone Injections Injecting corticosteroids directly into the fibrous mass can bring immediate pain relief and control inflammation. While the shot will not stop the growth, it makes it easier to manage the discomfort and you can continue to walk with some ease. Massage There are specific massages for plantar fibroma. You can perform this yourself, or a physiotherapist can help you through the process. Topical Gel Research suggests that topical gels containing verapamil can inhibit the production of collagen fibers causing the fibrous mass to shrink in size. Thus, you can apply topical gels directly to the skin around the fibroma. Interestingly, many patients have also reported on the effective use of apple cider vinegar on plantar fibromas. Orthotics Orthotics help redistribute body weight around the foot. For plantar fibroma, custom orthotics are preferable as they help redistribute the body weight, reduce the pressure on the heel, and reduce tension in the plantar fascia. The insoles may also possess proper cushioning that guarantees greater comfort and support. Physical Therapy The mainstay of physical therapy management of plantar fibroma is exercise. Combining stretches and strengthening exercises will help to limit inflammation, and increase foot circulation thereby promoting healing, and stimulating the growth of new cells. Ask Your Doctor Plantar fibromas are rare, but when they occur, they will not go away without treatment. Treatment begins with home remedies like ice and elevation, and continues with non-conservative treatment like NSAIDs, corticosteroid injections, topical gels, orthotics, massage, and physiotherapy. Only when these fail can you consider plantar fibroma surgery a worthy alternative. Ensure you seek medical advice before deciding on a course of action.
Do You Have Hypothyroidism From Your Burning Feet?
Foot painDo You Have Hypothyroidism From Your Burning Feet?Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of the thyroxine hormone. This can lead to symptoms that include feeling cold, weight gain, dry skin, fatigue, and burning feet in severe cases. However, there are a host of conditions in the body that can cause burning feet. It's advisable to discuss your symptoms with a medical professional as an under-active thyroid may not be the only cause. Kidney disease, uncontrolled diabetes, nutritional deficiencies, excessive use of alcohol, and athlete's foot, among others, can cause the sensation of burning feet. What is Burning Feet Syndrome? Burning feet syndrome, or Grierson-Goplan syndrome, describes the occurrence of a painful, burning sensation in the feet. The cause of burning feet is often nerve tissue damage (neuropathy) in the feet. The symptoms can range from mild to severe and can cause a reduction in mobility in some cases. The burning sensation is often worse at night. There are home remedies for burning feet you can consider, including insoles and custom orthotics. Hypothyroidism Warning Signs Via Your Feet There are a host of signs and symptoms that occur in your feet as a result of hypothyroidism. Dry, flaky skin that may crack This is usually seen around the heel area and is often the first sign of hypothyroidism.Cramps and pain Pain and cramps may occur in the feet due to the muscular and nerve structure in the feet and lower leg being compromised.Tingling sensation This has been linked to the damage to the sheath surrounding the nerve, causing it to be stimulated easily. The tingling sensation occurs initially at night and may progress to the entire day.Cold sensation This occurs due to damaged nerve fibers within the feet, giving off a sensation that the feet are feeling cold. Damaged nerve fibers make the body unable to discern apparent temperature very well.Soles that appear to have a yellowish or orange tinge Without the presence of the hormones released from the thyroid, the body has a reduced ability to convert beta-carotene in the body, therefore leaving a yellowish or orange look to the feet.Skin infections The thyroid and the hormones it releases regulate the skin. Due to the nature of the feet and their usage, the feet may be a common area for skin and nail infections to arise if the thyroid is less active.Health and growth of nails The thyroid plays an important role in the growth and health of nails. An under-active thyroid can alter the color and thickness of nails, thereby causing the nails to become brittle and susceptible to breaking.Ridges forming on the length of the toenail Longitudinal ridges occurring along the length of the nails is a common sign seen in people with an under-active thyroid. If you notice these signs and symptoms potentially associated with an under-active thyroid, it is advised to seek medical help. Other associated symptoms that occur in the rest of the body include: generalized fatigue, a slow heart rate, sensitivity to the cold, a puffy face, and constipation. Seek medical advice Once a medical professional has identified and diagnosed the cause of your burning or tingling feet at night, they will address the various factors that may be influencing the condition. They will issue medication to treat the underlying cause as well as pain medication, and conservative management strategies in an effort to help you reduce the symptoms. In summary It is therefore vital to understand what the cause of the burning sensation or tingling in your feet is. As burning feet is a symptom of various conditions (not necessarily just hypothyroidism), the correct underlying cause must be identified for it to be managed effectively and to prevent it from getting progressively worse over time. This article provides symptoms you can look out for, but be aware of the risks of self-diagnosis. It's best to seek medical advice.
Cuboid Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Recovery
Foot painCuboid Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and RecoveryCuboid syndrome is the movement of the cuboid bone in the foot to the extent where it shifts out of alignment. This misalignment is usually due to injury or trauma to the foot and can occur gradually with time or rapidly with an acute injury. You may experience discomfort and pain on the edge of your foot as well as the central areas. The pain is often misdiagnosed due to the complexity of the structures in the foot.  Cuboid syndrome occurs in all populations and ages, but is more common in athletes and dancers. Let's consider symptoms, causes, and treatments further.  Common Symptoms of Cuboid Syndrome Symptoms are usually experienced on the outer or lateral side of the foot, midway between the toes and the heel. Your symptoms can be aggravated with standing or physical activity, while pain is reduced once strain has been taken off your feet.  The symptoms of cuboid syndrome are as follows: Dull pain with gradual onset in the foot or sharp, acute pain Reduced ability to bear weight on the footReduced range of motion in the foot and/or anklePain around the outer side of your foot towards the ankle Swelling or bruising associated with acute injury Sensitivity on the underside of the central foot Causes and Risk Factors of Cuboid Syndrome The causes of cuboid syndrome vary from altered foot biomechanics as seen in flat feet, to overuse and acute injuries that are associated with activities that place great strain on the feet. Therefore, trail runners, dancers, gymnasts, and basketball players commonly experience cuboid syndrome. Overuse  Running, jumping, or physical activities with side-to-side motions can lead to a shift in the cuboid bone and cause misalignment over time. You will feel discomfort when conducting physical activities. This will get progressively worse as you continue physical activity on a daily basis, but rest will alleviate the symptoms.  Altered Foot Biomechanics Altered foot biomechanics, as seen in people with flat feet, is a common cause of cuboid syndrome. When you place weight onto the area of the foot where the arch would normally be, it increases the load placed onto the underside of the foot. Inward Ankle Sprains  In severe cases of inward ankle sprains, the cuboid bone in the foot can be shifted during the impact, because the medial ligaments of the ankle are compromised due to a misstep or twisting action to the ankle. Repetitive ankle sprains can cause an increase in the shift of the cuboid bone and therefore increase pain.  The risk factors for developing this syndrome are as follows: Ligament laxity Being overweight Partaking in activities with repetitive jumping or changing direction Wearing shoes with inadequate support, such as high heels Running on uneven surfacesNot giving your body enough rest between activities Treatment of Cuboid Syndrome The treatment of cuboid syndrome involves giving yourself adequate rest between training sessions or physical activities. This will allow localized swelling in the area to subside and reduce your overall experience of symptoms. Activity modification Modifying your activity routine is extremely helpful in preventing this condition from progressively getting worse. Refrain from continuing to engage in activities that may aggravate your symptoms and aim to reduce the duration or intensity of your physical exercise if cuboid symptoms are forthcoming.  Ice Ice can be applied to the underside of the foot in an effort to reduce pain and inflammation in the area.  Orthotics Orthotics are well documented to provide relief and support to the foot, showing good results over various population groups. For cuboid syndrome, acquiring orthotics with specific padding under the midfoot, where the cuboid bone is located, works to maintain or elevate the arch of the foot, and limit excess supination of the foot. Orthotics can further be used to manage other conditions that you may be experiencing such as plantar fasciitis, bunions, and burning feet syndrome. Recovery From Cuboid Syndrome Full recovery from cuboid syndrome requires 4-8 weeks, bearing in mind the severity of the initial injury and whether the ankle joint is involved in the injury. In cases where cuboid syndrome has been caused by minor events, it should take a couple of days to notice a change in your symptoms.  Attending physical therapy is extremely helpful in strengthening the muscles of the foot and lower leg, balance retraining, and exercise prescription in an effort to prevent the condition from returning in the future, or progressively worsening.  In Summary Cuboid syndrome is caused by a misalignment of the cuboid bone in the foot because of an injury and can cause severe pain. The symptoms, causes, and risk factors discussed in this article will help you identify cuboid syndrome, however, always be aware of the risks of self-diagnosis. Contact a medical professional should you not be able to walk or if the levels of pain are severe. Make sure to take the recovery process and time seriously to prevent the condition from returning or worsening.
Stress Fractures of the Foot: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment
Foot painStress Fractures of the Foot: Causes, Symptoms, & TreatmentA stress fracture is characterized by very small cracks in the weight-bearing bones of the feet and lower legs. Stress fractures occur through repetitive force applied to a bone repeatedly over a period of time. The forces repeatedly applied to create a stress fracture are usually minimal to moderate, while a higher force is required to cause a more significant and traumatic fracture. The bones of the foot and ankle are susceptible to stress fractures or injury due to relatively small bones having to absorb large amounts of force as you land on your ankle. Not allowing enough time for rest between high-impact activities can lead to sudden ankle pain and stress fractures over time.  Symptoms of a Stress Fracture in Your Foot  The primary reported symptom of a stress fracture is localized pain arising in the area. Depending on where the stress fracture has occurred in the foot and lower leg, you might be able to feel around for the affected area and determine where the potential fracture could be. Symptoms of pain are often made worse by activity due to repetitive forces applied to the foot and lower leg. For example, you might experience more severe heel pain after running. Symptoms will usually improve with rest and limiting high-impact activities. Causes of a Stress Fracture in Your Foot  The majority of stress fractures seen in healthy bones of the feet and lower leg are caused by repetitive force applied to the area over time. This can be commonly seen in people who are runners, basketball players, cheerleaders, athletes, or anyone doing repetitive movements during high-impact activities. Increasing the duration and frequency of these activities can result in the development of stress fractures. In fact, most of these activities are linked to pain at the back of the heel, which is likely due to a stress fracture of the heel bone. Stress fractures also occur more frequently in people with bone conditions like osteoporosis. Osteoporosis leads to weak bones and an increased chance of a bone fracture. This condition usually occurs slowly with age or could be due to the use of medications that have been linked to osteoporosis. Other conditions such as flat feet and past injuries can also increase the chances of developing a stress fracture while participating in high-impact activities.  Risk factors for developing a stress fracture include: High-impact sports such as basketball, athletics, and gymnastics Foot problems such as flat feet, high arches, or bunionsOsteoporosis Improper footwear Increase in frequency and duration of activity Change in activity surface Medications leading to weakened bones Treating a Stress Fracture in Your Foot  For the bone to heal, there needs to be considerable activity modification that allows time for the stress fracture to heal. Applying ice to the area can help reduce pain and inflammation caused by the stress fracture. This may also help with healing in the long term. Depending on the X-rays or MRIs that have been used to diagnose the severity of the stress fracture, the doctor may suggest a supportive moonboot or cast with crutches to reduce pressure on that foot or leg for optimal healing. Medication can be used to control pain in the area during the healing process. After enough time has passed and once the pain has disappeared, activity can gradually be resumed under the instruction of your medical doctor. It is essential to follow the doctor's instructions regarding healing times, as you could put yourself at risk of worsening the fracture or completely fracturing the bone. In cases where the bones fail to heal correctly, surgery may be required to attach the ends of the bone for proper healing to take place. If you cannot bear weight or walk without experiencing moderate to high pain levels, please seek medical advice. Make sure you follow the doctor's instructions so that you don't aggravate your stress fracture further, which could potentially lead to a complete fracture. This is crucial in managing this condition.  How Can You Prevent Stress Fractures? Orthotics or footwear that provide shock absorption and arch support for running and walking will help reduce the shock placed on the bones of the feet and lower legs. This can reduce your risk of developing a stress fracture. Sufficient rest between high-impact activities will allow the bones to heal and reduce your chances of developing a stress fracture.  You can try to avoid running on hard surfaces. This can aggravate your symptoms by increasing the pressure placed on the lower leg bones. You can try running on grass as the softer surface won't exacerbate stress fractures.
What Is a Stone Bruise and What Can You Do About It?
Foot painWhat Is a Stone Bruise and What Can You Do About It?Foot pain is common among runners. It can occur as pain in the forefoot, pain in the back of the heel, or even bottom midfoot pain. A stone bruise is a type of foot pain that occurs in the ball of your foot or heel pad. It is the general name for any foot pain that feels like stepping on a small stone whenever you put weight onto your foot. It can also refer to the pain caused by actually stepping down on a stone or pebble. In both cases, pain is accompanied by tenderness and inflammation. This guide discusses what causes stone bruises, how to diagnose the condition, and treatment methods. How Are Stone Bruises Caused? Stone bruises are the aftermath of impact on the ball of the foot or heel pad after stepping on a stone or running on broken ground. It occurs when the bones near the end of the foot press against one another. This affects the nerves, causing them to become painful and inflamed. Because we spend so much time on our feet, a stone bruise can be extremely painful. The pain can develop instantly, or it can take up to 48 hours before the first pain symptoms develop in some cases. Apart from stepping on a stone or running on broken ground, any physical activity that requires repetitive heavy impacts on the foot (e.g., running or jumping) can also cause a stone bruise. In fact, heel pain after running is quite common. Additional factors include structural abnormalities like flat feet or high arches, excess weight, loss of fat padding in the foot, poor footwear, and foot conditions like bunions and rheumatoid arthritis. These all increase the chances of developing a stone bruise. Self-Diagnosis of Stone Bruises You can easily diagnose a case of stone bruising by yourself. You should expect to experience foot pain that ranges from mild to severe, usually centered around the ball of the foot or footpad. This pain can be a tingling, shooting, sharp, or burning sensation. It can also develop slowly or abruptly. You must exercise caution in settling for a diagnosis, as many foot conditions can mimic the symptoms of stone bruises. Some of the most common of these conditions are metatarsalgia, plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, stress fractures, and Morton’s neuroma. If you suspect it is a stone bruise, but the condition doesn’t improve despite resting and care, consider having your foot checked by a podiatrist or a doctor. It takes on added importance if you notice inflammatory signs like redness, soreness, and swelling. How to Treat Stone Bruises Most times, a stone bruise will go away on its own. Sometimes, however, there are recovery delays, and it does not resolve quite as easily. Here are a few things you can do to fast-track the recovery process. Rest Most people tend to keep going because it is just a bruise, but this can make it worse. Consider resting the foot. If getting off your feet is impossible, you can immobilize the foot to guarantee that you get off it.Ice You may ice the area for 10–15 minutes at a time to relieve pain. Ice can prevent swelling or control inflammation that may worsen the pain. Medication Try using over-the-counter foot pain relievers or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) to reduce pain and inflammation.Lifestyle modifications If you like to walk around barefoot, you may want to avoid doing that while your bruise heals. Also, you may need to lose weight to reduce the impact of your body weight on the foot as you move around if you’re overweight. Orthotics Orthotics can help in reducing pain from injuries. You can use insoles or running inserts for extra arch support. A metatarsal pad can also be useful in taking the pressure off of the affected area.Proper footwear There is an ideal kind of footwear for every type of sport. Ensure what you’re wearing fits in with the activity or sport you’re participating in. For example, running shoes have more cushioning than basketball shoes that are designed to be used on wooden courts. If you’re not a sportsman, you can aim for footwear that will reduce the pressure on your footpad while the bruise heals. Go for shoes with soft, cushioned soles and a metatarsal pad. These methods are expected to reduce your symptoms quickly. However, please consult a doctor as soon as possible if these symptoms persist. The doctor will consider your symptoms and perform investigations to rule out similar conditions. The doctor will then make a proper diagnosis and recommend appropriate treatment methods.
Common Causes of Burning Heels
Foot painCommon Causes of Burning HeelsBurning heels can be very troubling. The feet feel hot, with possible tingling, prickling, or numbness experienced intermittently or constantly, ranging from mild to severe. The foot pain is often worse at night and may indicate underlying nerve damage or a disorder of the nerves supplying the foot. Some people may even experience burning feet that feel cold. These symptoms can be limited to the soles of the feet. Sometimes, however, they can affect the top of the feet, the ankles, and even the lower legs. This set of symptoms is sometimes referred to as Grierson-Gopalan syndrome. There are different causes of burning feet. It is essential to identify them, as treatment depends on the underlying cause. Read on to learn more about some of the causes of burning sensations in the feet and when you should seek help. 1. Nerve Damage The most common cause of a burning feeling in your feet is nerve damage. Precursors to nerve damage include diabetes (diabetic neuropathy), alcohol consumption (alcoholic neuropathy), degenerative changes to the bones (peripheral neuropathy), and several other conditions that will be discussed separately. The progression of the nerve damage depends on the cause. For example, with alcoholic neuropathy, progression is primarily slow and extended over a long period. It is found among people who have a long history of consuming large amounts of alcohol. Nerve damage can also result in the skin of the heels becoming dry and cracked. When the skin cracks and flakes, there is often a burning sensation where the skin is dry. Nerve damage can become irreversible, so the earlier it is addressed, the better. To prevent and reduce the symptoms of burning heels, the aim should be to stop the progression of the nerve damage as soon as possible. 2. Organ Dysfunctions When an organ like the kidney becomes dysfunctional, toxic waste builds up in the bloodstream. These toxins damage the peripheral nerves, leading to peripheral neuropathy, otherwise known as uremic neuropathy. The greater the organ dysfunction, the greater the level of nerve damage that can be expected. When the nerves in the feet are affected, it can cause burning heels. A similar condition results from peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Instead of the arteries dilating to allow blood flow to the feet and legs, they begin to constrict, leading to neuropathy. 3. Side Effects of Medications Several medications have the unwanted side effects of causing nerve damage when used for long periods. Some of these medications include thalidomide, pyridoxine, amitriptyline, chloroquine, disulfiram, cimetidine, phenytoin, lithium, metronidazole, colchicine, and nitrous oxide. In addition to these, the medications used in cancer treatment like paclitaxel and cisplatin also cause peripheral neuropathy as a side effect. This medication-induced neuropathy can cause sensory and motor symptoms such as burning heel pain. 4. Nutritional Deficiencies When there is a deficiency of nutrients required by the body for the maintenance of nerve health, nerve damage occurs, and you can present with burning heels. In particular, vitamins (including vitamin B12, B6, and B9), magnesium, and potassium are all necessary nutrients, and a deficiency in any of these can cause burning heels. To combat this, ensure you take the minimum recommended amount of each nutrient. For example, an average daily intake of 2.4 micrograms of vitamin B12 is recommended to maintain serum levels of the nutrient and prevent a vitamin B12 deficiency. 5. Infectious Diseases Infectious diseases can also attack nerve heads and the body, causing burning heel pain. Examples of infections that may result in burning feet include Lyme disease, HIV, syphilis, shingles, and athlete’s foot (tinea pedis). It is important to treat any infection promptly before it causes irreversible damage to your nerves and spreads to nerves other than those in the feet. 6. Physical Trauma, Injury, or Stress Physical injury, stress, and trauma can also cause burning heels—and it doesn’t even have to be serious trauma. Placing extended pressure on a nerve (e.g., when wearing casts or tight shoes or being in the same position for too long) can cause nerve damage. Forceful and repetitive movements that put pressure on the ligaments and tendons cause swelling, which then compresses the nerves in the area. Other more severe injuries like injury from a car accident, playing sports, falls, or medical procedures or surgeries can also cause nerve damage. Left uncontrolled, these physical injuries or trauma can lead to an uncommon, chronic pain called complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). This condition significantly exacerbates the symptoms of the initial injury. For stress, the solution is to rest and find the correct shoes and insoles for burning feet. For physical trauma and injury, ensure that you treat all foot injuries and trauma promptly. Fortunately, there are also a number of home remedies for burning heels.
5 Effective Home Remedies for Burning Feet Syndrome
Foot pain5 Effective Home Remedies for Burning Feet SyndromeBurning feet syndrome, or Grierson-Gopalan syndrome, is characterized by a burning pain sensation felt on the soles of the feet with a noticeable increase in skin temperature around the area. The symptoms can vary from intermittent to constant and from mild burning sensations to severe discomfort felt in the feet and lower legs. Some may experience hot feet at night due to the burning sensation typically worsening in the evenings. Burning feet syndrome can be caused by a host of health conditions or it can arise from an unknown reason. Most often it arises as a result of nerve damage in the feet. Conditions such as diabetes, vitamin B12 deficiency, renal failure, and underactive thyroid function are examples of conditions that could contribute to Burning feet syndrome. Seeking treatment and guidance in treating the primary cause of nerve damage is important to slowing the progression of the syndrome and preventing the symptoms from getting worse. Managing the symptoms effectively should ensure that you can continue your normal daily activities and have a restful night's sleep. » Can orthotics help you manage burning feet syndrome? Browse Upstep's range of custom orthotics to find the perfect fit to relieve the pressure on your feet and provide support. Symptoms of Burning Feet Syndrome Burning sensation usually in the soles of the feet and, in severe cases, across the top of the foot and lower legHot and painful feet Feeling of heaviness or numbness in the feetDull ache in the feet  Worsening of symptoms at night Symptoms improve during the dayIncreased sweating Changes in skin color, usually in the form of red spots Are There Effective Home Remedies for Burning Feet Syndrome? The following home remedies or treatments for burning feet may prove helpful in managing the symptoms you may experience on a daily basis: Soaking the feet in cold water Doing this for approximately 15 minutes at night can relieve the burning sensation and improve sleep. Avoid ice-cold water as this may aggravate your symptoms. Custom orthotics These may prove to be an effective way to manage the symptoms you experience on a daily basis by providing the soles of your feet with a supportive and cushioned surface to move off of. This will reduce any areas of increased pressure in the sole of the foot.Elevating the feet and legs This will provide pain relief in the feet and legs when resting or at the end of the day as it may reduce any painful swelling. Medication Prescription meds provided by a doctor can treat any underlying health condition that may be causing burning feet syndrome. Anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-seizure, and antidepressant medications may help treat symptoms associated with burning feet syndrome and chronic pain. Anti-fungal medication can be prescribed to treat fungal infections associated with burning feet syndrome, such as athlete's foot.Topical creams or ointments Similar to prescription meds, these can also provide relief from the burning pain sensation caused by this syndrome. Creams are applied directly to the foot using a gentle massage technique. Preventing Burning Feet Syndrome Managing the health conditions and lifestyle components contributing to the worsening of the syndrome will be helpful in slowing it down as you age, among other factors, such as the following: Manage metabolic disorders Metabolic disorders such as diabetes can lead to nerve damage. Ensuring blood-sugar levels are controlled using insulin and a balanced diet will prove to be effective in reducing symptoms of neuropathy in the feet and other future complications arising.Manage autoimmune disorders Managing autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis can reduce the risk of developing burning feet syndrome.Drink less alcohol Reducing alcohol intake limits damage caused to the nerves of the feet, otherwise known as alcoholic neuropathy.Prevent vitamin deficiencies A vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to nerve damage in the feet. Vitamin B12 supplements can increase these levels in the body and protect the nerves from further damage.Be wary of heat damage Reduce the amount of heat your feet may be exposed to. Be aware that you may not feel your skin burning in hot water or close to a heat source due to the nerve damage present in your feet.Exercise the right amount Extended periods of physical activity could aggravate symptoms associated with burning feet syndrome. Ensuring footwear is adequate and not tight-fitting should reduce your chances of aggravating your symptoms.Wear comfortable and supportive shoes Ensuring footwear is adequate and not tight-fitting should reduce your chances of aggravating your symptoms.Examine your feet daily Examine your feet daily for signs of infection or injury, which will ensure that any reasons for concern will be identified early on and managed correctly, thus preventing possible complications. Regular examinations of the foot in people with conditions such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis are essential.  In severe cases in which the burning sensation is unbearable and limits daily activity, consult with a medical professional regarding other pain management strategies such as medication. Should your symptoms progressively get worse, consult with a podiatrist or medical professional to identify the cause and an appropriate treatment method for Grierson-Gopalan syndrome to help you.
Possible Causes for Forefoot Pain: Metatarsalgia, Sesamoiditis, and More
Foot painPossible Causes for Forefoot Pain: Metatarsalgia, Sesamoiditis, and MoreIdentifying the true cause of forefoot pain is difficult due to the complexity of the structures in the region. Areas of the foot are divided into the forefoot, midfoot, and hindfoot. The forefoot is the third of your foot closest to your toes, consisting of ligaments, tendons, blood vessels, and nerves that supply function to the toes. Pain is most commonly reported in the metatarsal bones and the phalanges, which also fall under the forefoot area. Due to the complexity of the structures in this area, many people experience forefoot pain daily. This article explores the common causes of forefoot pain and their diagnoses. Symptoms and Diagnosis of Metatarsalgia Metatarsalgia is a condition that affects the foot through prolonged abnormal loading of the lateral forefoot (outside of the foot), causing pain and inflammation. The condition is usually not serious, and adaptations can be made to remedy the symptoms, preventing future flare-ups. Structural abnormalities are part of the primary classification of metatarsalgia, whereas system conditions altering foot anatomy and loading characteristics fall under the secondary classification of metatarsalgia. The diagnosis is usually made clinically, with remarkable pain and inflammation felt around the forefoot area. The foot is observed and palpated in sitting and standing positions in an attempt to determine the cause of the pain. The medical practitioner may require further diagnostic testing to rule out a stress fracture or other conditions. Symptoms and Diagnosis of Sesamoiditis Sesamoiditis arises when the sesamoid bones and the structures around them (tendons and soft tissue) in the forefoot area become inflamed and painful. Strenuous weight-bearing activities on the forefoot will contribute to pain and inflammation, commonly seen in runners, dancers, or athletes. Pain usually develops gradually with less noticeable swelling. A diagnosis is made by a medical practitioner after an examination of the sesamoid bones through touch and movement tests. The medical practitioner is looking for the reproduction of pain symptoms experienced by the patient to determine if the sesamoid bones are the source of the symptoms. An X-ray may be conducted to assess associated structures in the foot for stress fractures or other conditions. Only then can your doctor prescribe suitable sesamoiditis treatments. Symptoms and Diagnosis of Morton’s Neuroma Morton’s neuroma is another condition that may cause pain in your forefoot. Pain is attributed to thickening of the nerve, usually between the 3rd and 4th toes, more commonly seen in women. A burning pain sensation is often reported after excessive loading or pressure has been applied to the foot. Numbness can also arise in the affected toes. Compression of the nerve through weight-bearing and also from the sides of the foot will lead to the onset of burning pain. Standing on the forefoot (high heels) or wearing narrow shoes will also prove to increase levels of pain. Struggling to identify Morton's neuroma from metatarsalgia? Read Metatarsalgia vs. Morton’s Neuroma: How to Tell the Difference. Other Causes of Forefoot Pain Bunions (hallux valgus) and arthritis of the big toe (hallux rigidus) cause the majority of the force to be transferred through the smaller toes, causing inflammation and pain in the forefoot. Systemic conditions such as Rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or Lupus could be a possible reason for the pain. Managing these conditions effectively will require the help of a medical practitioner, who may use medication as a treatment method.  Plantar plate tears are also common causes of forefoot pain, usually associated with high load activity. Characterized by pain in the area immediately behind the toes and potentially a change in toe position as the tear progresses. Firstly, a sharp pain is commonly reported, which changes to a dull pain thereafter. If left untreated, pain increases, followed by deformity or arthritis. Ruling out the presence of a stress fracture is important. If excessive pain levels are felt, contact a medical practitioner who can assist you with further examination regarding a possible stress fracture. How to Identify the Cause of Your Forefoot Pain Looking for obvious signs of physical issues or abnormalities as a possible cause of your pain is a good first step. Use your thumb to examine the underside of your foot, identifying the potential structures causing pain, bearing in mind the different conditions leading to forefoot pain. Knowledge of system conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout is extremely helpful. If systemic conditions are thought to be present, consult with a medical professional for a management plan to prevent continual complications and abnormalities from arising. 

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